Census 2016 and the House of Commons: Indigenous Identity, Immigration, Housing

Census 2016 and the House of Commons: Indigenous Identity, Immigration, Housing

UPDATED November 3, 2017 2:13pmET

How do Canada’s 338 ridings differ in terms of indigenous identity, immigrant population, and diversity?

Browse the map below for data from today’s census release, which indicates a 42-per-cent rise in Canada’s indigenous population between 2006 and 2016.

Source: Statistics Canada

Here are the ridings with the highest percentage of census respondents who indicated “Aboriginal Identity”:

Nunavut  85.9%
Churchill–Keewatinook Aski, MB  76.3%
Desnethé–Missinippi–Churchill River, SK  70.9%
Northwest Territories  50.7%
Kenora, ON  46.8%
Labrador, NL  43.7%
Abitibi–Baie-James–Nunavik–Eeyou, QC  38.2%
Skeena–Bulkley Valley, BC  34.1%
Prince Albert, SK  30.6%
Dauphin–Swan River–Neepawa, MB  26.5%


Here’s how Canada’s 338 ridings look in terms of immigration and diversity, according to census data.

Browse the map for more:

Source: Statistics Canada

The Greater Toronto Area has nine of the top 10 ridings in terms of immigrant share of the overall population:

Scarborough North, ON  66.7%
Scarborough–Agincourt, ON  65.8%
Markham–Thornhill, ON  64.3%
Don Valley North, ON  62.9%
Richmond Centre, BC  62.8%
Mississauga Centre, ON  62.2%
Markham–Unionville, ON  61.2%
Mississauga–Malton, ON  61.0%
Willowdale, ON  60.8%
Richmond Hill, ON  60.0%


The 10 ridings with the smallest percentage of immigrants are found in Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador:

Lac-Saint-Jean, QC  0.85%
Bonavista–Burin–Trinty, NL  0.95%
Coast of Bays–Central–Notre Dame, NL  0.97%
Jonquière, QC  0.98%
Gaspésie–Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine, QC  1.00%
Avignon–La Mitis–Matane–Matapédia, QC  1.09%
Montmagny–L’Islet–Kamouraska–Rivière-du-Loup, QC  1.11%
Avalon, NL  1.20%
Manicouagan, QC  1.21%
Abitibi–Témiscamingue, QC  1.26%


What about housing? How do the numbers compare across Canada? How many hold mortgages or live in subsidized housing? Here’s a map with data for all 338 ridings — shaded by average dwelling value:

Learn more about Canada’s ridings at CPAC Route 338

The electoral map was redrawn in 2012 based on the 2011 census — with an additional 30 seats added to the House of Commons.

Riding-by-riding population numbers were released in February, with language information coming in early August and income levels in September.

For more on the 2016 Census, here’s CPAC’s Danielle Young:

-Andrew Thomson