UPDATED March 8, 2018 4:02pmET

Watch CPAC’s coverage of International Women’s Day:

Over a century ago, International Women’s Day emerged from a desire for fair treatment on both the paycheque and the ballot.

The modern version, held every March 8, now features lectures, rallies, and workshops aimed at building equality for women around the world.

How International Women’s Day was born in the early 20th century, and what Canadians think are the most pressing issues for women in 2018:

This year’s International Women’s Day comes amidst a fresh wave of activism and attention to gender issues.

There’s the effort, represented most prominently by the #MeToo and Time’s Up movements, to expose and expel harassment against women in a wide array of fields, from entertainment and media to business and politics.

What will the impact of women’s marches be on Canadian politics?

Last week’s federal budget included a 65-page chapter on “gender budgeting,” an overall focus on increasing economic opportunity for women, and planned legislation on pay equity in federally-regulated sectors.

Watch more on the gender pay gap in Canada and around the world:

In the political sphere, Canadian women have made strides toward better representation in recent years. But what do the numbers say? And how does Canada compare to other countries?

What would equal representation actually look like in Canada? Here’s what some Canadians believe:

International Women’s Day has its roots in the labour and socialist movements of the early 1900s.

But the Canadian struggle for equal rights and representation goes back even further.

Have a look below at more than two centuries of history!

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