Episode List

Beyond Politics - Chris Hadfield
Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield's last trip in space in 2012 aboard the Soyuz TMA-07M made him a household name across most of the world, due largely to his video of David Bowie's "Space Oddity." Hadfield was born and raised outside of Sarnia in southwestern Ontario. Like most children of his age he was enthralled by the lunar landin,g and in 1992 after several years as a test pilot applied to become an astronaut with the Canadian Space Agency. In 2001, on his second shuttle flight, Hadfield became the first Canadian to walk in space while he helping to install Canadarm2. Eleven years later he flew on his third and final mission as commander of Expedition 35. It was while on this mission that Hadfield began generating media attention with his tweets of everyday life in space -- culminating with his rendition of the David Bowie classic. Hadfield is now retired from NASA and has published a memoir, "An Astronaut's Guide to Life on Earth," and a CD, "Space Sessions: Songs from a Tin Can." Catherine Clark spoke to Chris Hadfield in Toronto.

Beyond Politics - Robert Thirsk
Bob Thirsk holds the record for longest space flight by a Canadian at over three months. He also holds the record for the most time spent in space by a Canadian: 204 days and 18 hours. For a boy from Powell River, B.C., whose Grade 3 teacher brought a radio into class so her students could listen to John Glenn's attempt to become the first American to orbit the Earth, these achievements were the fulfillment of a lifelong dream. Back in the 1960s, Canadians or anyone who wasn't Russian or American had little hope of ever flying into space. All that changed with the Space Shuttle program. The U.S, grateful for Canada's contribution of the Canadarm, invited Canadians to join their space program in 1983. Bob Thirsk was among the original six Canadian astronauts selected but didn't fly until 1996, after Marc Garneau, Canada's first man in space, had his second flight. Thirsk, a medical doctor, spent over six months on the International Space Station in 2009 as part of a study on long-term effects of zero gravity. Thirsk, besides being a physician, is also an engineer and an MBA graduate. He has since left the space agency and is now chancellor of the University of Calgary. Catherine Clark spoke to Bob Thirsk in Calgary.

Beyond Politics - Marc Garneau
Marc Garneau was Canada's first man in space. The date was October 1984. Garneau was chosen from among 4,000 applicants to be among a group of six who trained to fly on the renowned NASA Space Shuttle missions. The Quebec City native, a commander in the Canadian navy, was an avid seaman having sailed across the Atlantic Ocean twice in his early 20s in a 59-foot yacht. The RMC graduate in engineering earned a doctorate from the Imperial College of Science and Technology in London and spent the next 10 years as a combat systems engineer. Garneau flew on the shuttle three times, the last in 2000 aboard Endeavour. He left the program to become president of the Canadian Space Agency in 2001 and stayed until 2005, when he decided to run for public office. Marc Garneau now sits as the MP for Notre-Dame-de-Grace--Westmount and is minister of transport in the Trudeau cabinet. Catherine Clark spoke to Marc Garneau in Ottawa.

Beyond Politics - Julie Payette
Julie Payette was the second Canadian woman to fly in space and the first Canadian to board the International Space Station. As a child growing up in Montreal, Julie was part of the generation captivated by the Apollo missions to the Moon. She earned a master's degree in engineering from the University of Toronto and was employed with Bell Northern Research when she applied to the space program. In 1992 her name was one of four among 5,3000? applicants chosen to be a part of the next generation of Canadian astronauts. She was 28 years old. Payette flew in space twice, on STS-96 and STS-127, and worked as Capsule Communicator (or CAPCOM) at NASA's Mission Control Centre In Houston, Texas. In 2013, Payette moved back to Montreal where she became chief operating officer at the Montreal Science Centre. Catherine Clark spoke to Julie Payette in Montreal.

Beyond Politics - David Williams
Canadian astronaut Dave Williams was one of four selected to the space program after the Canadian Space Agency announced it was accepting applications in 1992. An emergency room doctor, Williams grew up in the Montreal suburb of Beaconsfield and had the dream of being an astronaut since he first saw, on a black-and-white TV, Alan Shepherd launch into space aboard the Mercury rocket. The year was 1961. Williams flew on two missions: in 1998 aboard STS-90, and aboard STS-118 in August 2007. Williams performed three spacewalks on his last mission, the most of any Canadian astronaut. Williams also holds the distinction of being the first Canadian to hold a senior management position within NASA when he was the agency's director of the Space and Life Sciences Directorate. Williams is currently president and CEO of the Southlake Regional Health Centre in Newmarket, Ont. Catherine Clark spoke to Dave Williams in Newmarket.

Beyond Politics - Justice Suzanne Côté
Madame Justice Suzanne Côté was sworn in as Supreme Court Judge on December 2, 2014. As head of Osler, Hoskin and Harcourt's litigation group in Montreal, Côté distinguished herself as one of this country's top litigators. With the appointment Côté became the first woman to join the court from private practice. Côté grew up in the Gaspé, in the tiny village of Cloridorme. Her parents moved to the town of Gaspe when she was 14. Always a serious student, Côté became interested in the law from reading the Quebec crime tabloids, Allo Police and Photo Police. Côté attended law school at the Université de Laval and enjoyed a private practice in the Gaspe for a number of years before joining the firm of Stikeman Elliott in Montreal. It was there where Côté honed her skills and earned her reputation as one of the province's top commercial and corporate litigators. Côté joined the firm of Osler, Hoskina nd Harcourt as a partner in 2010.Catherine Clark spoke to Suzanne Côté at the Supreme Court in Ottawa.

Beyond Politics - Bruce and Vicki Heyman
When Bruce and Vicki Heyman first met Barack Obama, he was a State Senator in Springfield, Illinois, and they were impressed by his vision for America, so they decided to lend him a hand when he ran for President. Little did they know that their contribution to the President's success would change their lives so completely but in 2013, their lives did change. Dramatically. Bruce was an 33 year veteran of Goldman Sachs working as a managing director and Vicki was a board member for Chicago's Children's Memorial Hospital when Barack Obama appointed Bruce Heyman as the U.S. Ambassador to Canada. Now in their second year in the role, US Ambassador Bruce Heyman and his wife Vicki have already made a noticeable impact in the diplomatic and artistic community of Ottawa and Canada. Catherine Clark spoke to Ambassador Heyman and Mrs. Vicki Heyman at their residence Lornado in Ottawa's Rockcliffe Park.

Beyond Politics - Pam Palmater
Pam Palmater finished second in voting to Shawn Atleo in the 2012 Assembly of First Nations Leadership contest. A mother of six in a blended family, Pam herself grew up in a large family, 8 sisters and three brothers on the Eel River Bar First Nation in northern New Brunswick. Her great-grandfather Louis Jerome was one of her community's first chiefs and in her family politics as always being discussed around the kitchen table. Pam earned her BA in Native Studies at St. Thomas University and her law degree from the University of New Brunswick. At Dalhousie Law School she completed both a Masters and Doctorate in Law specializing in First Nation Law. Palmater worked for several years in the Department of Indian Affairs before beginning an academic career at Ryerson University in Toronto where she is an associate professor and chair in indigenous governance. She was one of the spokespeople for the Idle No More Movement in 2012. Catherine Clark spoke to Pam Palmater in Ottawa.

Beyond Politics - Alex Janvier
Alex Janvier is one of the founding members of the Indian Group of Seven, a collection of aboriginal artists that broke new ground in the world of art when it was founded in 1973. Fellow artists included Norval Morrisseau and Daphne Odjig. Alex was born in 1935 on the Le Goff reserve, part of the Cold Lake First Nation in Northern Alberta. A Dene Suline, Alex attended the Blue Quills residential school and found that art class was his sole refuge from the daily torments and abuse. Ironically it was a French priest, the principal of the school, who recognised Alex's talent and encouraged him to pursue art. He attended the Calgary School of Art after the local Indian denied him the right to attend the Ontario School of Art. As part of Expo 67 he brought together a group of First Nations artists for the Indians of Canada pavilion. He currently runs the Janvier Art Gallery in Cold Lake and next year will be honoured with an exhibition of his work at the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa. Catherine Clark spoke to Alex Janvier in Cold Lake, Alberta.

Beyond Politics - Buffy Sainte-Marie
Buffy Sainte-Marie's unique voice and music helped propel the peace and civil rights movement during the 1960's. Her songs "Universal Soldier" and "Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee" helped garner the attention of not only thousands of young Canadians and Americans looking for social justice but also the Johnson and Nixon administration's where her music was eventually blacklisted. Born on the Piapot Reserve in Saskatchewan's Qu'appelle Valley, Sainte-Marie was orphaned at an early age and was adopted by Albert and Winifred Sainte-Marie in a small town just outside of Boston, Massachusetts. A shy, introverted girl, Buffy did well in school and eventually earned degrees in teaching and philosophy. It was while she was at school that Buffy began performing and started to gain a following. Eventually a number of artists among them Elvis Presley, Janis Joplin, Cher and Barbra Streisand began performing her music and Sainte-Marie's stature grew accordingly. In 1983, she was awarded an Academy Award for Best Song for the composition "Up Where We Belong" featured in the film "An Officer and a Gentleman". Buffy Sainte -Marie continues to record, her latest album , Power in The Blood , was released just this year and she continues to lend her support to a number of causes including native education and most recently was a guest performer during the closing ceremonies of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Catherine Clark spoke to Buffy Sainte-Marie in Ottawa.

Beyond Politics - Wendy Grant-John
Wendy Grant-John still remembers the day when the parents of her best friend slammed the door in her face when they saw she was an Indian. She also remembers her school for having separate entrances for white and Indian children. The daughter of the Chief of the Musqueam First Nation in British Columbia, Wendy Grant-John somehow survived the racist invective that surrounded her early years to become a leader in her community. Three times she was elected Chief and was the first woman elected Regional Chief to the Assembly of First Nations. As Musqueam Chief she was part of two historic human rights cases argued before the Supreme Court of Canada and also helped establish the first aboriginal commercial fishery in Canada. Catherine Clark spoke to Wendy Grant-John in Ottawa.

Beyond Politics - Phil Fontaine
Phil Fontaine served three terms as National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations and was one of the earliest proponents for an inquiry into this country's residential schools. Fontaine, along with his 9 brothers and two sisters, and both of his parents attended residential school on the Fort Alexander Reserve in Manitoba. Phil's father passed away when he was six and it was left to his mother along with her brothers and sisters to raise the 12 children. In June of 1952, only a few months after her husband's death Fontaine's mother became the first Aboriginal woman elected to a band council. Fontaine followed his mother's footsteps and entered public life and was elected to serve two terms as Chief of the Sagkeeng First Nation. It was after this experience as chief that Fontaine returned to school and attended the University of Manitoba. Armed with a degree, Fontaine went to work for the federal government for a number of years before returning to public life. In 1997 he was elected for the first time as National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations. He was re-elected in 2003 and 2006. In 2005 he helped negotiate the $5.6B Indian Residential Schools Agreement. After leaving politics in 2009, Fontaine became a special advisor to the Royal Bank of Canada, Norton Rose and Trans Canada. He also serves as a director for several private and public companies and corporations. Catherine Clark spoke to Phil Fontaine in Ottawa.

Beyond Politics - James Bartleman
James Bartleman grew up in Port Carljng, Ontario, a tiny resort community nestled in the Muskokas. His mother was an aboriginal and because she married a non-native she was forced off the reserve and lost her Indian status. Bartleman's parents were poor, and prospects for a young aboriginal growing up in rural Ontario weren't good at the time, but Bartleman was fortunate that his grandfather worked as a caretaker and guide at the summer home of the American millionaire Robert Claus, the President of Pittsburgh Plate Glass (now PPG). Claus, seeing the potential of the young James Bartleman offered to pay for his post-secondary education. After graduating from the University of Western Ontario, Bartleman took a position with the Foreign Service and spent the next 35 years as a diplomat and ambassador with postings in Bangladesh, Columbia, Cuba and Israel. In 2002, he was appointed as Ontario's Lieutenant-Governor where he championed the cause of literacy among First Nations children. Having retired from public life, Bartleman continues to work on education initiatives for First Nations children and has recently published his fourth novel.Catherine Clark spoke to James Bartleman in Ottawa.

Beyond Politics - Tom Jackson
Philanthropist, singer and actor Tom Jackson grew up on the One Arrow Reserve, near Batoche, Saskatchewan, about 90 minutes from Saskatoon. At the age of 15, Tom dropped out of school and lived on the streets of Winnipeg for years before being noticed by a social worker at the local friendship centre who encouraged Jackson to start thinking about his future. Before long Jackson was working in radio at the local CBC. Jackson's big break came when he was approached to take the role of Eddy in the CBC movie Loyalties. Subsequently he played the role of Billy Twofeathers on the PBS series "Shining Time Station", but it was his role as Peter Kenedi in the CBC series "North of 60" that made him a household name. Jackson picked up 3 Gemini Awards over the 6 seasons the series aired. Jackson spends a great deal of his time working with charities and fundraising for all kinds of initiatives homelessness, poverty; youth suicide etc. Jackson's Huron Carole Tour is now in its 23rd year. Catherine Clark spoke to Tom Jackson in Ottawa.

Beyond Politics - Justice Clément Gascon
Supreme Court Justice Clément Gascon was appointed to the Supreme Court in June of 2014 by Prime Minister Stephen Harper. A native of Montreal, Justice Gascon grew up in Outremont where he attended Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf and pursued law at McGill University. Upon being called to the Quebec Bar in 1982, Gascon spent the next 21 years at Heenan Blaikie where he gained a reputation for being efficient and well prepared. When he was offered to sit on the bench of the Quebec Superior Court he accepted without hesitation. As a judge he was lauded for being a 'beautiful writer', a compliment reserved for only a select few. In 2012, Gascon was appointed to the Quebec Court of Appeal where he spent the next two years before being appointed to the country's highest court. The father of three is married to Quebec provincial court judge Marie-Michelle Lavigne and is the brother to two practicing lawyers. Catherine Clark spoke to Justice Clément Gascon in Ottawa.

Beyond Politics - Justice Michael Moldaver
The Honourable Justice Michael Moldaver was appointed to the Supreme Court by Stephen Harper in 2011 after having served nearly 16 years on the Court of Appeal for Ontario. The youngest of three boys, Michael Moldaver grew up in Peterborough where his father, Irving was in the scrap metal business. He attended the University of Toronto and earned his law degree with the intention of joining his elder brother in setting up a law practice in their hometown. It was his luck that he articled with Arthur Martin before being called to the bar and the experience of working with one of Canada's top jurists made him decide to stay in Toronto to pursue a career in criminal law. Within a year Moldaver was in court handling murder cases for the firm of Pomerant, Pomerant and Greenspan, becoming partner within a few years. In 1990, Justice Moldaver was appointed to the Supreme Court of Ontario and in 1995 he was elevated to the Ontario Court of Appeal. Catherine spoke to Justice Michael Moldaver about his life on the Supreme Court of Canada.

Beyond Politics - Justice Marshall Rothstein
Catherine Clark spoke to Justice Marshall Rothstein about his life on the Supreme Court of Canada.Supreme Court Justice Marshall Rothstein was the only child of parents who emigrated to Canada from Eastern Europe. His mother, a school teacher was Russian and his father, a Pole, was a bookkeeper and merchant. They met in Canada and settled in Winnipeg, where they had their only child, Marshall, born during the war years. Marshall's father wanted him to be an actuary, and so Marshall pursued a bachelor's degree in Commerce at the University of Manitoba, but in his final year he took a course on commercial law and became fascinated by the law and decided that that was going to be his career path. Upon graduating from the University of Manitoba and passing his bar exams, Rothstein went to work for the firm of Thorvaldson, Eggerston, Saunders and Mauro. Rothstein specialized in transportation law and taught for several years at the University of Manitoba. In 1992, Brian Mulroney appointed him to the Federal Court Trial Division and in 1999 was elevated to the Federal Court of Appeal in Ottawa. In 2006, he was Stephen Harper's appointment to the Supreme Court and became the first justice to have his appointment publicly scrutinized when he appeared before a parliamentary committee.

Beyond Politics - Justice Louis Lebel
The Honourable Justice Louis LeBel grew up in Quebec City where both his father and his maternal grandfather were lawyers. As a teenager Louis showed little interest in pursuing law, instead he was attracted by the thought of becoming a doctor but he soon discovered that he was clumsy with his hands and thought better of it. LeBel eventually did turn his attention to legal studies and obtained an LL.M. from the University of Toronto. It was while at law school that Lebel met his future wife, Louise Poudrier, who enjoyed her own successful career as a jurist. Louis LeBel did well as a litigator but admits to having difficulty mailing out invoices and collecting his fees. LeBel practiced with LeBel, Letarte, Bilodeau, Boily in Quebec City and later Désilets, Grondin, LeBel and Associés before being appointed to the Court of Appeal and in 2000 Jean Chrétien named him to the Supreme Court of Canada. An avid reader, gardener and linguist - LeBel taught himself how to read German and Spanish and some Portugese - he spoke to Catherine Clark about his life on Canada's top bench.

Beyond Politics - Justice Thomas Cromwell
Catherine Clark spoke to Justice Thomas Cromwell about life on Canada's top court.Justice Thomas Cromwell was born and raised in Kingston, Ontario. His father Ed, owned Cromwell's Appliances on Brock Street, a city landmark until he retired in 1985. Ed was also a musician, playing drums for the Limestone City Jazz Band, and Thomas shared in his passion for music by the time he turned 19, he was choir master and music director at St. Margaret's United Church. Thomas earned a Bachelor of Music at Queen's but by the time he graduated he felt that he didn't have what he needed to pursue a career in a highly competitive field, so he switched to law. Cromwell graduated from Queen's with a law degree and was called to the bar in 1979. He practiced for a number of years before being accepted at Dalhousie's Faculty of Law where he taught Procedure and Evidence. In 1992, Cromwell took a position as Executive Legal Officer to Chief Justice Antonio Lamer at the Supreme Court and stayed there for three years before returning to teach. In 1997, he was appointed to the Nova Scotia Court of Appeal by Jean Chrétien and in 2008, Stephen Harper named him to the Supreme Court of Canada.

Beyond Politics - Justice Richard Wagner
The Honourable Justice Richard Wagner's first time in a courtroom was when he was 7 years old while his father sat on the then Sessions Court, now the Court Of Appeal, in Montreal. Claude Wagner, Richard's father, was not only an accomplished jurist but also a politician, serving as Solicitor General, Attorney General and Minister of Justice in the government of Quebec Premier Jean Lesage in the 1960's. Richard Wagner on the other hand, has remained a jurist since being called to the Quebec Bar in 1980 after graduating with a law degree from the University of Ottawa. He worked as a litigator for the firm of Lavery, de Billy and argued for the first time before the Supreme Court when he was only 26. In 2004, Wagner was appointed to the Quebec Superior Court and to the Court of Appeal in 2011. Prime Minister Stephen Harper appointed Wagner to the Supreme Court of Canada in 2012.

Beyond Politics - Justice Rosalie Abella
The Honourable Justice Rosalie Silberman Abella wanted to be a lawyer since the age of 4. She didn't necessarily know what a lawyer was except that she wanted to be one. At the time her family had arrived in Canada after having spent the better part of the post-war years in a displaced persons camp in Stuttgart, Germany. Both of her parents somehow managed to survive the Holocaust, although their two year-old son perished. Rosalie Abella became even more convinced that she wanted to be a lawyer after she read Victor Hugo's Les Misérables as a young teenager. Her father, a lawyer by training who wasn't allowed to practice in Canada because he wasn't a citizen, helped instil in his daughter a passion for the law and the administration of justice that continues to burn to this day. Abella graduated from law school in 1970 and at the age of 29 was appointed to the Ontario Family Court, becoming this country's first Jewish woman judge and the first pregnant woman to be appointed. In 1992 she was appointed to the Ontario Court of Appeal by Kim Campbell and in 2004 Prime Minister Paul Martin appointed Rosalie Abella to the Supreme Court. Catherine Clark spoke to Rosalie Abella about her life on Canada's top court.

Beyond Politics - Morgan Jarvis
It was thanks to a lawyer that Morgan Jarvis found himself competing at the London Olympics in 2012. The Olympic men's double sculls rower had an impressive academic record: Law Degree, MSc in Molecular Medicine and a BSc in Biology from Queen's and had been accepted to article at the Ottawa Law firm of Gowlings. A lawyer at the firm, Frank Mulock, noticed that Jarvis also had been a bronze medallist in lightweight quad sculls at the 2005 world championships and a bronze winner at the 2004 and 2005 world U23 championships. At the firm's urging, Jarvis set aside his law career and for the next two years trained for the 2012 London Olympics. Jarvis finished a disappointing 13th in the lightweight double sculls, but did realize his Olympic Dream. He is now working for Gowlings in Ottawa as an aspiring Intellectual Property lawyer.

Beyond Politics - Justice Beverley McLachlin
Catherine Clark spoke to Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin about life at the Supreme Court of Canada.She is the longest serving chief justice in the history of the Supreme Court and possibly its most ardent defender. The eldest of five children born to Ernest Geitz and Eleanora Kruschell, Beverley McLachlin grew up on the family ranch just outside of Pincher Creek in southwestern Alberta and attended the University of Alberta, where she earned a B.A. in philosophy before turning her attention to studies in law. She was called to the bar in 1969 in Alberta and practiced law in Edmonton, Fort St John and Vancouver. She taught at UBC's Faculty of Law before being appointed to the Vancouver County Court in 1981. She became the first woman appointed to the B.C. Court of Appeal and, later, in 1988, she became the first woman appointed to the B.C. Supreme Court. In 1989, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney appointed her to the Supreme Court. Following the resignation of Antonio Lamer in 1999, Prime Minister Jean Chrétien elevated her to the position of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Since her appointment, she has led efforts to help Canadians better understand the workings of the Court and dispel some of the myths surrounding the institution all while encouraging discussion among Canadians about the role of the law.

Beyond Politics - Carolyn Waldo
She almost drowned at three and didn't start swimming until she was 10. By the time Carolyn Waldo was 23 she had won two Olympic Gold medals in synchronized swimming and had distinguished herself as one of the most remarkable athletes Canada has produced. Born and raised in the West Island community Beaconsfield, Quebec, Waldo always wanted to be an Olympic athlete and after successfully overcoming her fear of water, dedicated herself to becoming a world calibre synchronized swimmer. At 19 years of age Waldo was competing for Canada at the Los Angeles Olympics, coming home with a silver medal. Four years later, in Seoul, South Korea, she became the first Canadian woman to win two Olympic gold medals.Waldo retired from swimming shortly afterwards and began a career as a sports reporter for CTV where she remains to this day.Catherine Clark spoke to Carolyn Waldo about her life as one of Canada's great Olympians.

Beyond Politics - Robert Marland
Olympic Gold Medallist Rob Marland wasn't the most athletically gifted student at his high school, in fact you'd be hard pressed to find anyone who went to Lorne Park Secondary School in Mississauga who would have pegged Rob as a future Olympian. But after watching Canada's Men's Eights race for Gold at the 1984 Olympics, Rob Marland knew exactly what he wanted to do. At Trent University Rob hooked up with legendary rowing coach Fred Leok and helped the school win gold at the Ontario University Championships. Marland's commitment to being a high calibre rower earned him a spot on Canada's Men's Coxed Four Crew at the 1988 Seoul Olympics. The team finished ninth, a disappointing finish that only served to spur Marland to try harder. In 1992 at the Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Rob Marland and Canada's Men's Eights won gold by defeating the Romanians by only 14 one-hundredths of a second.

Beyond Politics - Glenroy Gilbert
Glenroy Gilbert was part of Canada's historic Gold medal performance in the men's 4 x 100m relay at the Olympic Games in Atlanta in 1996. Together with Donovan Bailey, Ron Esmie and Bruni Surin, the Canadians shocked the heavily favoured Americans on their home turf winning the race by over 3/10ths of a second. Gilbert's road to the podium was not an easy one. He was born in a large family of six children in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad. His mother Velma emigrated to Canada when Gilbert was 5 and raised all six children on her own. Gilbert grew up as a hot headed teenager and credits his high school principal for steering him towards athletics. Gilbert attended the renowned Louisiana State University and pursued his first passion of the long jump. In 1988, at the Olympics in Seoul, Gilbert competed for Canada in the long jump before turning his attention to sprinting. To keep in shape, and to stay competitive, Gilbert joined the Canadian Bobsled teams and competed in the 1994 Winter Games in Lillehammer in both the four and two man sleds. Following Gilbert's retirement from competition, he remained active in sport where he continues to train and coach Canada's track and field hopefuls.Catherine Clark spoke to Glenroy Gilbert about his life as one of Canada's great Olympians.

Beyond Politics - Elizabeth Manley
Heading into the long program of the women's figure skating at the Calgary Olympics in 1988, Elizabeth Manley was a distant third behind Katerina Witt and Debbie Thomas and given little chance to move up but her performance that night was nearly flawless, and Manley came within a fraction of a point of taking the Gold. Manley's silver medal was rejoiced by Canadians from coast to coast and Manley herself was soon dubbed Canada's Sweetheart. Manley was an air force brat, born in Trenton, Ontario, the fourth child and only girl in the military family. Elizabeth's mother Joan encouraged her with her skating and by the time she was 14, Manley performances had begun to gain national notice.Following her Silver medal performance in Calgary, Manley turned professional where her she was named World Cup Professional Champion four times and toured extensively with Champions on Ice and The Ice Capades.Despite her many accomplishments, Manley's life has not been easy, she has had experienced depression since the 1984 Olympics in Sarajevo and is a sought after spokesperson on mental health issues.Catherine Clark spoke to Elizabeth Manley about her life as one of Canada's great Olympians.

Beyond Politics - Corneliu Chisu
Conservative MP Corneliu Chisu may well be the most polyglot of Canada's 308 sitting MPs, being able to speak four languages: English, Italian, Romanian, and Hungarian (he confesses to being able to get by in French). Born in Transylvania, Romania where his father distinguished himself as a member of the Second World War resistancer, the only child studied engineering at the Polytechnic University in Bucharest. While working at the Italian Trade Commission he met his future wife, an Italian, who convinced him to settle in Italy. Together they started their family, including one daughter, and stayed for several years before deciding to emigrate to Canada. Once in Canada, Chisu joined the Canadian Army Reserves and in 2003 enlisted in the regular forces, where he served in Bosnia and again in Afghanistan. In 2011, Chisu ran for the Conservative nomination in the Liberal stronghold of Pickering-Scarborough East and surprised everyone including himself when he defeated the incumbent and popular gas price crusader Dan McTeague. Catherine Clark spoke to Corneliu Chisu about his life Beyond Politics.

Beyond Politics - Rob Clarke
Saskatchewan Conservative MP Rob Clarke grew up in Gibson's and Slocan, British Columbia and on top of playing lots of sports as a youth, was active in his high school's student council. Clarke's parents both came from military backgrounds, his mother was a former Military Police officer and his father was in the Air Force. Clarke attended the RCMP College in Regina and upon graduation was assigned to work in Saskatchewan. Clarke methodically moved up the ranks and rose to sergeant before leaving for a career in politics. Clarke's decision to leave the force came a year after the shootings at Spiritwood, Saskatchewan in 2006 that left two of Clarke's colleagues dead. In a by-election held in early 2008, Rob Clarke won the riding of Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River. Later that same year he held off a challenge from David Orchard to keep the riding Conservative blue. Together with his wife Leanne, they have two children Kobey and Kabree.Catherine Clark spoke to Rob Clarke about his life Beyond Politics

Beyond Politics - Daniel Lang
Conservative Senator Daniel Lang speaks to host Catherine Clark about his life Beyond Politics.Mr. Lang was appointed to the Red Chamber in 2009 by Prime Minister Stephen Harper after spending nearly 20 years in the Yukon territorial legislature. Born in Dawson Creek, B.C., Lang came to Whitehorse when he was 10. Mr. Lang’s father was in construction, and it was a career Dan pursued after attending the University of Alaska, where he was one of several Canadians on the school's hockey team: the Nanooks. After a few years working in construction in the Yukon, Mr. Lang was approached to run for the Territorial Council. He won. He was 26, but he was only following a tradition of public service that has enjoyed a long tradition in the Lang family. Mr. Lang's grandfather was mayor of Medicine Hat and enjoyed a further ten years as MLA in the provincial capital. His grandfather's brother, Malcolm Lang was the MP for Timmins back in the 1920's. Lang himself served as an MLA in the Yukon legislature, Minister of the Crown, and even opposition leader before leaving politics to take on a new career in real estate. Mr. Lang lives in Whitehorse with his wife Valerie Hodgson.

Beyond Politics - Greg Kerr
Nova Scotia Conservative MP Greg Kerr speaks to host Catherine Clark about his life Beyond Politics.Mr. Kerr is one of the very few MPs who have served at all three levels of government: municipal, provincial and federal. Born in Annapolis Royal, N.S., where his father was a surgeon, Mr. Kerr began his career as a teacher, at Bridgetown Regional High School where he also coached hockey and soccer. In 1978, Kerr was elected as the MLA for Annapolis West and two years later was named Minister of Culture in the cabinet of John Buchanan. Eventually, Mr. Kerr was promoted to Environment and Finance Minister. In 1993, he lost his seat in the John Savage Liberal sweep and Kerr returned to his home where he devoted his energies to the beef and logging operation he owned. It was at this time that Mr. Kerr served one term as a municipal councillor in Annapolis County. In 2006, Mr. Kerr attempted to win federally in the riding of West Nova, N.S., but lost by less than 600 votes to incumbent Liberal Bob Thibeault. In 2008, Mr. Kerr managed to reverse the results and was elected for the first time as an MP. The father of two girls, Gillian and Megan, Mr. Kerr is married to his high school sweetheart Marcia Longmire.

Beyond Politics - Grant Mitchell
Liberal Senator Grant Mitchell speaks to host Catherine Clark about his life Beyond Politics.Mr. Mitchell may be best known for the 12 years he spent in the Alberta Legislature from 1986 to 1998, the last four as opposition leader. In 2005, then Prime Minister Paul Martin appointed Mr. Mitchell to the Senate in Ottawa, the town where he was born. Mr. Mitchell's father was in the military and it meant that the family moved frequently and thus Mr. Mitchell’s first stay in Ottawa was short lived. Politics was always discussed around the dinner table and Mr. Mitchell caught the bug early, eventually becoming a parliamentary intern and a dinner guest of Pierre Trudeau's at 24 Sussex Drive. Mr. Mitchell attended Queen's and earned his MA in political science and more importantly met his future wife Teresa. The couple moved to Alberta where his wife started her law practice and Mr. Mitchell became a policy analyst with the Alberta government. They have three sons, Lucas, Liam and Grady.

Beyond Politics - Kim Campbell
Kim Campbell, Canada's 19th prime minister, was one of two girls born to George Campbell and Phyllis Cook in Port Alberni, B.C.Ms. Campbell earned a BA in political science from the University of British Columbia and did graduate studies at the London School of Economics, studying Soviet government before returning to B.C. to pursue a law degree. In 1986, Ms. Campbell was elected for the first time as the MLA for Vancouver–Point Grey under the Social Credit Party of Bill Vander Zalm. Two years later, Ms. Campbell had switched to federal politics and became the P.C. MP for Vancouver Centre. Brian Mulroney awarded Ms. Campbell with the justice portfolio in 1990, where she was responsible for introducing Canada's rape shield law. In June 1993, she defeated Jean Charest to become the new leader of the party and Prime Minister of Canada. Ms. Campbell's tenure as this country's first female prime minister was short-lived, however, as by October of that year the mood of the country had sharply changed and Ms. Campbell led the party to its worst defeat in history, winning only two seats. Ms. Campbell left politics for good that night. She became successful as a lecturer at Harvard, Canada's consul general in Los Angeles, the chair of the Council of Women World Leaders and several other organizations dedicated to improving governance in the world's democracies. Catherine Clark spoke to Ms. Campbell about her life Beyond Politics.

Beyond Politics - Joe Clark
Joe Clark, Canada's 16th prime minister, was one of three children born to Grace and Charles Clark in High River, Alta. Mr. Clark's father was a newspaperman and Joe seriously thought of pursuing journalism as a career but was eventually drawn to the art of politics. While in university, at Dalhousie and U.B.C., Mr. Clark became active with the Progressive Conservative party, serving as youth wing president for two terms. At the age of 28, he ran unsuccessfully as a provincial PC candidate in Alberta, but ended up working in the office of Peter Lougheed, then opposition leader. In 1972, Mr. Clark ran again, federally, in the riding of Rocky Mountain and won. Four years later, when he was 36, he became the youngest leader of a federal party when he defeated Claude Wagner on the fourth ballot to become leader. In 1979 the Canadian population, disillusioned and tired of Pierre Trudeau, voted in a minority government led by Mr. Clark. Despite its brief eight-month tenure, the Clark government introduced a system of spending controls and access to information legislation that were adopted by the returning Liberals. In 1993, after a distinguished career in cabinet, Mr. Clark left political life for teaching but returned to lead the party from 1998 until 2003, when Peter MacKay became the new and ultimately final leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada. Joe Clark continues to teach and has his own consulting firm. Catherine Clark -- Joe's daughter -- spoke to him about his life Beyond Politics.

Beyond Politics - Brian Mulroney
Brian Mulroney was one of six children born to Ben and Mary Mulroney in the mill town of Baie Comeau on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River in Quebec. Mr. Mulroney attended Saint Francis Xavier University where he was first introduced to politics and became active in the Progressive Conservative Party of Nova Scotia, working on the 1956 election that saw Bob Stanfield become premier of the province.He completed his law degree at Laval and landed his first job at the firm of Ogilvy Renault in Montreal where he distinguished himself as a skillful labour relations lawyer. After a failed attempt at the party leadership in 1976, he took a position as executive vice-president of the Iron Ore Company of Canada. Seven years later, Mr. Mulroney ran again for the leadership, winning on the fourth ballot. In 1984 he became Prime Minister with the largest majority in Canadian history. Despite some embarrassing scandals and the failure of constitutional reconciliation with Meech Lake and Charlottetown, Mr. Mulroney's legacy remains distinctive: free trade and an acid rain accords with the United States, environmental assessment and protection legislation, and spearheading international efforts to end apartheid in South Africa.Following his resignation in 1993, Mr. Mulroney took work as a business consultant and is now a partner with his old law firm, Ogilvy Renault, now known as Norton Rose. Catherine Clark spoke to Mr. Mulroney about his life Beyond Politics.

Beyond Politics - Paul Martin
Paul Martin was one of two children born to Paul and Eleanor 'Nelly' Martin in Windsor, Ontario. Mr. Martin's father was an MP and served in the cabinet of four prime ministers. Paul Martin Jr. earned a law degree from the University of Toronto and eschewed law for a career in business. By the age of 32 Mr. Martin was executive assistant to Maurice Strong, then the CEO of Power Corporation, and after only two years was promoted to president and CEO of Canada Steamship Lines, a company whose fortunes he turned around dramatically and eventually came to own. In 1988, Mr. Martin decided to pursue his political aspirations and won the Montreal riding of LaSalle–Émard. After the Jean Chrétien Liberals were swept into power in 1993, Mr. Martin was appointed to cabinet as finance minister and remained with that portfolio until 2002, when the simmering feud with the prime minister came to a head. Mr. Martin left cabinet and a year later, after Mr. Chrétien stepped down, was elected leader and prime minister of Canada. Mr. Martin won only a minority in the general election of 2004. Despite his negotiation of a decade-long health accord with the provinces, and an ambitious aboriginal plan known as the Kelowna Accord, Mr. Martin failed to reach the promise expected of him. He was defeated by Stephen Harper's Conservatives in 2006. He stepped down as leader and now works as a consultant and on his own foundation, the Martin Aboriginal Education Initiative. Catherine Clark spoke to Mr. Martin about his life Beyond Politics.

Beyond Politics - Jean Chrétien
Canada's 20th prime minister, Jean Chrétien, was born and raised in Shawinigan, Que. The eigthteenth of nineteen children (ten passed away), Mr. Chrétien was admittedly a wayward soul as a youth and credits Aline Chainé for straightening out his life - they eventually married. Mr. Chrétien graduated with a degree in law from Laval and practiced at a Shawinigan firm before becoming the MP for Saint- Maurice–La Flèche. He was only 29. Mr. Chrétien quickly established himself as a competent and capable minister with well developed political smarts. From 1967 until 1984, he served in all the major cabinet portfolios: Finance, Justice, Industry, and External Affairs. By 1986, the Liberals were out of office and Mr. Chrétien left public life for a job in the private sector. When John Turner resigned as leader in 1990, it offered Mr. Chrétien another opportunity to become leader. He did, defeating Paul Martin in doing so. Looking back on his time as prime minister, Mr. Chrétien points to the decision to not enter the war in Iraq as his greatest achievement, but he may be remembered best for his economic accomplishments: $42 billion in deficit eliminated, five consecutive budget surpluses, and his political acumen that earned him grudging respect from his fiercest rivals. Mr. Chrétien is currently employed as counsel with the law firm Heenan Blaikie. He spoke to Catherine Clark about his life Beyond Politics.

Beyond Politics - John Turner
John Turner served as Canada's 17th prime minister from June 30 to Sept. 17, 1984. Born in England, Mr. Turner came to Canada when he was only three, after his mother, a native of Rossland, B.C., was left widowed by her husband's untimely death to malaria and was unable to find work in Depression-era London. By all accounts his mother was a remarkable woman: Phyllis Ross was an economist, a civil servant and the first female chancellor of the University of British Columbia. Mr. Turner attended private schools in Ottawa, earned a BA from UBC, an MA from Oxford and did post-graduate work at the Sorbonne. Mr. Turner was first elected in the downtown Montreal riding of St. Lawrence–St. George in 1962, and in 1965 Lester Pearson named him to cabinet as minister without portfolio. After Pierre Elliott Trudeau was elected leader in 1968, Mr. Turner was appointed justice minister and later finance minister. It was as finance minister that Mr. Turner faced his greatest political challenge. A dispute over wage and price controls compelled Mr. TurnerTurner to quit, and for the next nine years Mr. Turner led a very successful and lucrative career as a Bay Street lawyer. Lured back to politics by Mr. Trudeau's resignation and the possibility of becoming leader, Mr. Turner offered his candidacy to the Liberal Party. He defeated Jean Chretien on the second ballot to become the 17th prime minister of Canada despite not having a seat in the Commons or the Senate. Less than three months later, Mr. Turner was thumped in an election that saw the Liberal Party reduced to 40 seats. Four years later, the Liberals lost again, and despite having doubled the party's seat total to 83, Turner's position as leader was untenable. He stepped down as leader but continued to sit as an MP for Vancouver Quadra until 1993. Mr. Turner returned to the private sector and only recently retired from the law firm Miller Thomson. Catherine Clark spoke to Turner about his life Beyond Politics.

Beyond Politics - Philip Toone
Catherine Clark spoke to Philip Toone about his life Beyond Politics. Mr. Toone was born into a politically active family in Ottawa. By the time he was 16 , Mr. Toone had become a supporter of the NDP having worked on several campaigns. When it came time to go to university, Mr. Toone left Ottawa for Montreal and pursued a degree in history at Concordia and his attention had turned to student politics and was elected as president of the students association. During the ice storm of 1998 he met Martin (a medical student) and when Martin was posted to the Gaspé, the couple decided to make the area their home. Mr. Toone returned to school and earned a law degree at the University of Ottawa and upon graduation set up a notarial practice in Carleton-sur-Mer. In 2011, Philip was asked to run for the NDP and was subsequently elected in the Orange wave that swept across Quebec.

Beyond Politics - Leon Benoit
Conservative MP Leon Benoit is the 8th of 17 children born on the prairie near Lloydminster, Alberta. Leon's parents were poor, farming was not as lucrative a career as it is now, the children often wore clothes that were patched and re-patched several times before being assigned to the dust bin, but at the same time, their children never suffered from want and they grew up with all the food and nourishment they needed. Leon always wanted to be a farmer growing up and after graduating from the University of Alberta that's the career he pursued, buying his own acreage not far from the family homestead. Leon put his degree to good use, working as a farm economist and management consultant to supplement the family income. In 1988, Preston Manning came to the area and Leon was taken by the Reform message. Leon first won in 1993, and is one of only four Reformers left in House from that pivotal election, and has been the MP for Vegreville–Wainwright ever since. The father of five including two sets of twins, spoke to Catherine Clark about his life Beyond Politics.

Beyond Politics - Joyce Murray
Catherine Clark spoke to Joyce Murray about her life Beyond Politics. Ms. Murray is one of a handful of MPs born on the African continent. Born to an American mother who fell in love with a South African surveyor, Ms. Murray's first 7 years were spent in South Africa before the family emigrated to Canada. Ms. Murray attended Simon Fraser University where she studied archaeology and a decision to opt for a summer job planting trees instead of going on a dig led to her meeting her future husband, Dirk Brinkman, and a life-long partnership in the tree planting business. Brinkman's Reforestation Ltd now operates across Canada and the United States and six other countries. In 2001 Ms. Murray entered provincial politics becoming the first Liberal elected in New Westminster in 49 years. She was awarded with a cabinet position and served under British Columbia Premier Gordon Campbell until 2004. Two years later, Ms. Murray tried to win a seat federally but was rebuffed but not discouraged. In 2008, she ran in a by-election in Vancouver Quadra and won. In 2012, Ms. Murray was a candidate for the liberal leadership and surprised many with her second place finish.

Beyond Politics - Dan Harris
Catherine Clark speaks to Dan Harris about his life Beyond Politics. NDP MP Dan Harris's great grandparents grew up on a farm on what is now Midland Avenue in Scarborough, Ontario over 90 years ago. Today, four generations of the Harris clan live within a block of each other not far from where the original homestead sat. Mr. Harris attended French language schools while growing up in Scarborough, his mother is a Quebecer, and credits his passion for sports for keeping him in school. Mr. Harris first ran for office in the 2000 election when he was only 21. He wasn't successful. Nor was he successful when he ran again in 2004. In fact, Mr. Harris tried four times to win a seat and found success only with his fifth attempt in 2011. There is a long history of NDP activism in the family; Mr. Harris' grandfather ran for office back in the 1950's, and his father joined the party when he was only 15 to work on Stephen Lewis' campaign.

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