Electoral Reboot: The Research

Electoral Reboot: The Research

Looking for more comprehensive material on electoral reform? Browse below for research, legislation, video and more!


Get Started:


Eugene Forsey in How Canadians Govern Themselves:

“We are apt to think of government as something static; as a machine that was built and finished long ago. Actually, since our democratic government is really only the sum of ourselves, it grows and changes as we do. Canada today is not the Canada of 1867, and neither of the Act that made it.”

John Courtney in Electoral Insight:

“It cannot be assumed that the same incentives for parties to broker social cleavages would be present in other electoral systems. … Different electoral systems can prompt different voting behaviour. It cannot be assumed that every voter would support the same party under one system as another.”

Heather MacIvor in Electoral Insight:

“In a survey of proportionality in national elections from 1945 to 1996, Canada ranked 35th of the 37 cases studied. … A 1990 national survey found that 42 percent of those who expressed an opinion accepted the distorting effects of SMP, while 75 percent preferred the principle of MMP.”


Reports and Documents


Women’s Political Representation & Electoral Systems – Equal Voice (September 2016)

What We Talk About When We Talk About Electoral Reform – Samara (August 2016)

Time has already run out on electoral reform – Inside Policy (2016)

In Defence of Canada’s Electoral System – Policy Magazine (2016)

Which Voting System is Best for Canada? – Stéphane Dion (2012)

Study on representation by population in Canada – Mowat Centre for Policy Innovation (March 2010)

Voting Counts: Electoral Reform for Canada – Law Commission of Canada (2004)

Report on a process for electoral reform and Conservative response – Standing Committee on Procedure and House Affairs (2004)

Getting from here to there: a process for electoral reform in Canada – Policy Options (2001)

The Politics of Electoral Reform – Canadian Parliamentary Review (1993)

Electoral Reform and the Future of Parliamentary Institutions – Canadian Parliamentary Review (1979)


The Provinces: 


First Past the Post? Progress Report on Electoral Reform Initiatives in Canadian Provinces – IRPP Policy Matters (2004)

Ontario’s Referendum on Proportional Representation: Why Citizens Said No – IRPP Choices (2009)

One Ballot, Two Votes – Report by the Ontario Citizens’ Assembly on Electoral Reform (2007)

Bill 181 – Ontario (2016)

Report of the Organizing Committee of the Estates General on the Reform of Democratic Institutions – Quebec (2003)

Draft Bill on Electoral Reform – Quebec (2004)

The Prince Edward Plebiscite on Electoral Reform – Canadian Parliamentary Review (2006)

Official Voting Results – 2005 P.E.I. Referendum

Final Report and Recommendations – New Brunswick Commission on Legislative Democracy (2005)

Response by Government of New Brunswick (2007)

Official Voting Results – 2009 B.C. Referendum

Official Voting Results – 2005 B.C. Referendum


Around the World:


Electoral System Design: The New International IDEA Handbook – International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance

The History of the Parliamentary Franchise – House of Commons Library (2013)

Voting systems in the UK – House of Commons Library (2014)

AV and electoral reform – House of Commons Library (2011)

Alternative Vote Referendum 2011: Analysis of Results – House of Commons Library

Proportional Representation in Ireland – Citizens Information Board


WATCH AND READ: Special Committee on Electoral Reform


First meeting (June 21) TRANSCRIPT

Democratic Institutions Minister Maryam Monsef (July 6) TRANSCRIPT

Marc Mayrand – Chief Electoral Officer (July 7) TRANSCRIPT

Jean-Pierre Kingsley – former chief electoral officer (July 7) TRANSCRIPT

Ken Carty, Brian Tanguay, Nelson Wiseman (July 25) TRANSCRIPT

Michael Gallagher and Michael Marsh (July 26) TRANSCRIPT

Peter Russell and Patrice Dutil (July 26) TRANSCRIPT

Australia and New Zealand electoral officers (July 26) TRANSCRIPT

André Blais, Alex Himelfarb, Henry Milner (July 27) TRANSCRIPT

Hugo Cyr, Larry LeDuc, Leslie Seidle (July 27) TRANSCRIPT

Maryantonett Flumian, Dennis Pilon, Jonathan Rose (July 28) TRANSCRIPT

Arend Ljiphart and Benoît Pelletier (August 22) TRANSCRIPT

Christian Dufour, Nathalie Des Rosiers, Harold Jansen (August 22) TRANSCRIPT

Barry Cooper, Nicole Goodman, Emmett Macfarlane (August 23) TRANSCRIPT

Tom Axworthy, Matthew Harrington, Pippa Norris (August 23) TRANSCRIPT

Ed Broadbent, Yasmin Dawood, Jean-Pierre Charbonneau (August 29)

Jean-Sébastien Dufresne, Peter Loewen, Eric Maskin (August 30)

Louis Massicotte, Katelynn Northam, Melanee Thomas (August 30)

Joachim Behnke, Frierdich Pukelsheim, Mary Pitcaithly, Andy O’Neill (August 31)

Darrell Bricker, Gordon Gibson, Richard Johnston (August 31)

Taylor Gunn, Jane Hilderman, Dominic Vézina (August 31)

Graham Fox, David McLaughlin, Craig Scott (September 1)


-Compiled by Andrew Thomson